Darkfield Microscopy – Patient Information


A Darkfield microscopic examination can only provide a reliable result if you follow the instructions below carefully.

  • When you come for the exam, arrive calm and relaxed, not rushed, too hot or too cold.
  • Stop taking medications 48 hours before the exam (no sleeping pills, anti-inflammatories, sedatives, or laxatives: not even homeopathic medications or supplements). An exception to this rule is life-supporting medication which cannot be stopped, such as medicine for diabetes, asthma, heart disease, etc. Contact our office for additional information if you are not sure what drugs you should or should not stop.
  • Fast for 12-14 hours prior to your test. In order to do so, please complete your dinner the evening prior to your test no later than 5:00 – 6:00 p.m. After dinner, brush your teeth and refrain from eating or drinking anything else until after your test the following morning. (This includes chewing gum, candy, & drinking water).

(Blood examination according to Prof. Dr. G. Enderlein)

The darkfield microscopic examination of freshly taken blood is one of the most important evaluations performed at Kelowna Naturopathic Clinic. It enables us to view the inner terrain (milieu) and to assess the function and health of the blood cells (red, white, and platelets). It also reveals the state of the smallest proteins (endobionts), which are found in every human body. The presence of more developed structures such as bacteria, pre-viral and pre-fungal elements can also be viewed via this method.

The darkfield examination is most appropriate for patients with chronic diseases, people prone to recurrent infections and those with questions concerning “toxicity” (amalgam, chemical, drug, metabolic etc.). More specifically, the general state of the immune system, red cell health, excretory and detoxification functions, oxygen utilization and degenerative tendencies are all able to be judged with this test. The effectiveness of the chosen biological therapies can be ascertained, monitored and controlled by comparing blood samples taken before, during and after treatment. In addition, darkfield microscopy is a valuable preventive assessment even in those individuals in whom no obvious illness yet exists. This test cannot be replaced by any other blood test, neither by normal microscopic examination (bright field), nor by blood samples sent to laboratories.

This examination was developed and described by a German zoologist named Prof. Dr. Gunther Enderlein (1872-1968) and continued by numerous other physicians, microbiologists and researchers over the years. Investigation into this area persists today, primarily in Europe. Several versions of this technique have appeared more recently under the name of “Live Blood Analysis”. Unfortunately, these methods have done much to discredit the Enderleinian approach through the outrageous diagnostic claims made by their promoters and followers whom are mostly non-medically licensed people and whose training in microscopy may consist of only a weekend course.

Using darkfield microscopy, Enderlein observed that co-relations exist between the endobionts (proteins) and bacteria, fungi and viruses. He theorized that chronic diseases were created by the changing of the endobionts from non-disease producing forms into disease producing forms. As a result, this would cause “friendly, neutral” bacteria, viruses, & fungi to become increasingly more pathogenic. Enderlein believed that it was the state of the inner terrain (acid-base balance, liver-kidney-intestinal health, protein intake, trace nutrient levels etc.) that determined the health of the endobiont and thusly the health of the person. Certain therapies and medications have been developed to alter the terrain and help reverse the disease producing organisms and endobionts back to their neutral state.

How is the examination carried out?

A drop of blood is taken from a finger and directly put on a glass cover slip and slide. Without fixation or coloring, the blood is examined immediately with a darkfield microscope at 400X – 1000X enlargement. The blood will be re-examined again at intervals throughout the day. This procedure informs us about the speed of the cell degeneration and the health of the endobiont. The results of the test will be reported to the patient at the follow-up visit.

Darkfield microscopy does not tell us everything about a person’s health, nor does it act as a “crystal ball” to predict the future. However, when used in conjunction with other naturopathic and conventional assessments, dark-field microscopy can uniquely reveal much about one’s current and potential health status.

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    We are all surrounded by electromagnetic fields (EMFs).  The sun and earth produce their own natural forces which we cannot escape.  But modern lifestyles and technologies have now chronically exposed humans to fields much different.  For example, AC electric fields from house wiring and corded appliances, power lines and radio frequencies are part of everyday living.  Cellphones, cordless phones, Wi-Fi routers, baby monitors, smart meters and Bluetooth devices are everywhere.  The real fact is that these EMFs are unavoidable and exposure now starts during pregnancy and infancy, right until death.  We are living in an environment of electro smog….

    There is huge controversy over what health risks EMFs may or may not produce.  Most international health organizations, scientific bodies and pro-technology groups state that EMFs, at current levels and forms, do not significantly harm humans or animals.  Specific correlations with diseases like cancer, immune dysfunction or cognitive decline have not been shown statistically to be relevant.  So the general viewpoint is that all this exposure is safe.  These conclusions are readily available on the internet, if one wants to read the data presented.

    However, there are many other researchers, physicians and anti-EMF groups that disagree with these conclusions.  They point out that most studies have not been done for long enough periods of time and that the layering of multiple different types of EMF exposure simultaneously, have not been taken into account.  The frequency, power density, strength and duration of exposure are felt to alter the health risks and need to be factored in with more relevance.  Also, the sensitivity to EMFs may be varied form person to person, based on their own individual constitution and age.  Kind of like the old saying, “One man’s food is another man’s poison”.

    Some research has shown that EMFs alter voltage gated calcium channels in the outer membrane of cells, resulting in mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative free radical stress and possibly DNA damage.  The result being that some people report a variety of health issues from both long and short EMF exposure.  Ringing in the ears, dizziness, heart palpitations, headaches, insomnia, foggy thinking, chronic fatigue, anxiety, depression, pain syndromes and hormone imbalances are some examples.  More serious conditions like brain cancers, neurological defects, auto-immune disease and dementia are also being discussed by the anti-EMF groups.  The jury is out on all of this, but certainly, the sides are very polarized.

    So what does one do?????  Well…. the cat is out of the bag.  EMF technologies are not going away.  You cannot hide anywhere from EMF exposure.  Whether you believe that EMFs are safe or harmful, here are a few basic tips…..Try replacing wireless devices with wired versions.  Reduce cellphone use and don’t wear it in your bra or pocket.  Use the speaker in the phone and keep it in Airplane mode most of the time.  Reduce laptop use and use wired equipment.  Get as much electrical junk out of the bedroom and far away from your bed.  Try not live near cellphone towers.  Shut Wi-Fi routers off at night.  It is not clear if the advertised shielding devices out there actually work.  Have lots of houseplants, eat a diet rich in anti-oxidants, get outside in nature and get grounded, sweat, stay well water hydrated, and smart phones are not toys for the kids.  There are many other tips available if one researches them.  May the force be with you……

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